From Endosteal to Subperiosteal: Understanding the Varying Types of Dental Implants

The realm of dental implants is vast, with a variety of types designed to cater to individual needs and specific circumstances. From single-tooth implants to implant-supported dentures, endosteal to subperiosteal implants, each type of dental implant offers unique benefits. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the intricacies of these different types, helping to demystify the world of dental implants.

What Are Tooth Implants?

Tooth implants offer a sturdy and durable solution for those missing one or more teeth. They have revolutionised dentistry, offering a solution that is often more reliable than traditional bridges or dentures due to their strength and longevity.

What Are Various Types of Tooth Implants?

Singular Tooth Implants

These are one of the most common forms of implants used in dentistry. A singular tooth implant is used to replace a missing tooth.

Types of Dental Implants bridge

Implant-Supported Bridges

For those missing several teeth in a row, implant-supported bridges can be an excellent option. Rather than replacing each tooth individually, an implant-supported bridge uses two implants as anchors with artificial teeth (also known as pontics) spanning the gap. This technique utilises fewer implants while still providing a secure and natural-looking solution for multiple missing teeth.

Implant-Supported Dentures

Implant-supported dentures are ideal for individuals who have lost all or most of their teeth but want a more secure and comfortable alternative to traditional dentures. The implants act as strong and stable supports for a full denture, keeping it securely in place and distributing biting forces more naturally than traditional dentures. This type of implant offers increased comfort, improved speech, and better chewing ability compared to conventional dentures.

Subperiosteal Implants

Subperiosteal implants provide an alternative for those who do not have enough healthy jawbone to support traditional implants and do not want to undergo bone augmentation procedures to rebuild them. Subperiosteal implants involve a metal frame fitted onto the jawbone just below the gum tissue.

Mini Dental Implants (MDIs)

Mini Dental Implants, also known as small or narrow-diameter implants, are thinner than traditional dental implants. They are typically used when the space for the missing tooth is too small for a standard implant or when patients lack sufficient bone density. Mini implants are often used to secure dentures in the lower jaw, where bone density is often lower.

Endosteal Implants

Endosteal implants, widely preferred for replacing missing teeth, stand as the top choice among dental implant options. They are a popular choice due to their durability and high success rate.

Crafted from titanium, endosteal implants take the form of small screws and are strategically placed within the jawbone during a surgical procedure.

What Is Dental Implant Surgery Like?

Initial Consultation

The first step towards getting a dental implant involves an initial consultation with your dentist. They will assess the condition of your remaining natural teeth and jaw bone. If you have sufficient bone density and a strong immune system, you are an ideal candidate for dental implant surgery.

Preparing for the Procedure: Bone Grafting

If your jawbone lacks sufficient thickness or density, it may be necessary to undergo a bone grafting procedure prior to dental implant surgery. This is crucial to ensure the implant has a stable foundation capable of withstanding the chewing forces. The bone graft involves transferring bone from another area of your body or utilising grafting materials to augment your jawbone. Over time, the transplanted bone integrates and strengthens, enabling successful placement of the dental implant.

Dental Implant Surgery: The Process

types of dental implants explanation

Once your jawbone is healed or if it is already strong enough, to begin with, the dental implant surgery can proceed. This involves making an incision into the gum to expose the bone. Following the preparation of the bone, precise holes are created to accommodate the insertion of the dental implant’s metal post, which functions as the artificial tooth root. The post is securely implanted deep within the bone structure, providing stability and support. While there will still be a space where the natural tooth is missing, a temporary partial denture can be placed to enhance appearance. This removable denture allows for easy cleaning and can be taken out during sleep.

Osseointegration: Implant Takes Root

Once the metal implant post is positioned in the jawbone, a remarkable process known as osseointegration initiates. During this period, the jawbone grows and fuses with the surface of the dental implant, creating a secure and stable foundation akin to the role of roots in the natural teeth. This crucial phase, which may span several months, lays the groundwork for the attachment of the new artificial tooth, ensuring long-lasting functionality and aesthetic appeal.

Placing the Abutment

Upon the successful completion of osseointegration, the next step may involve a supplementary surgical procedure to affix the abutment, which serves as the connecting piece for the eventual attachment of the dental crown. However, in certain cases, the abutment can be conveniently attached to the dental implant metal post during the initial implantation process, eliminating the need for an additional surgical step. The overall timeframe for the entire procedure typically spans several months, with the majority of the duration dedicated to healing and the natural growth of new bone in your jaw.

Placement of Artificial Tooth

A custom-designed dental crown, meticulously crafted to match the size and colour of your existing teeth, is created by your dentist for a single tooth implant. Once the crown is meticulously fabricated, it is securely attached to the abutment, resulting in a seamless and harmonious blend with your natural teeth.

The dental implant surgery procedure, though it may seem overwhelming at first, is a well-established practice with high success rates. For those with one or multiple teeth missing, it can restore the appearance and functionality of a full set of teeth. Always remember that the journey to getting implants requires time, patience, and multiple visits to the dental professional.

How Do Teeth Implants Benefit You?

Whether you need a single-tooth dental implant or multiple, they provide a host of advantages that are worth considering. Let’s delve into the ways that tooth implants can benefit you.

Enhanced Aesthetic Appeal

First and foremost, dental implants greatly improve the appearance of your smile. They look and feel like natural teeth. A single dental implant is designed to blend seamlessly with your remaining teeth in terms of size, shape, and colour. This can significantly enhance your self-confidence and willingness to smile freely.

Types of Dental Implants kinds

Restoration of Full Dental Functionality

The remarkable advantage of a dental implant lies in its ability to fully restore dental functionality. Unlike dentures, which may restrict your food choices, dental implants closely mimic the function of original teeth, allowing you to savour your favourite foods without any hesitation or discomfort. Embrace the freedom to indulge in a wide variety of culinary delights with confidence and ease.

Prevention of Bone Loss

The absence of a tooth can lead to loss of bones in the jaw over time due to the lack of stimulation. Dental implants offer a unique solution by not only replacing the tooth but also replacing the root, providing essential stimulation and preserving the strength and density of the jawbone.

Maintenance of Face Shape and Oral Health

The loss of teeth can have a substantial impact on the shape of your face, leading to sagging and premature ageing. Dental implants provide a solution by preserving the natural shape of your face and restoring a youthful appearance. Unlike a dental bridge, a dental implant does not require altering neighbouring teeth, promoting better long-term oral health.

Durability and Convenience

Dental implants are renowned for their exceptional durability and longevity. With diligent care and proper oral hygiene practises, they can endure for numerous years, providing a reliable and permanent tooth replacement solution. Unlike dentures that may pose challenges with stability and reliance on adhesives, dental implants are securely anchored in the jawbone, ensuring a steadfast and confident smile.

This means you don’t have to worry about them slipping or falling out, providing a level of comfort and convenience that other tooth replacement options can’t match.

While the process of getting implants requires time and an initial investment, the long-term benefits they offer make them a worthwhile consideration for anyone missing one or more teeth.

Are Dental Implants Painful?

Though dental implant surgery may seem intimidating, rest assured that the procedure is usually carried out under local anaesthesia, ensuring minimal pain during the surgery. It is common to experience some swelling, bruising, minor bleeding, or discomfort in the days following the surgery, but these are normal aspects of the healing process and can typically be alleviated with over-the-counter pain medications.

Unleash the Brilliance of Your Smile at Our Exquisite Brisbane Clinic with Remarkable Dental Implants!

Embark on a transformative journey to recapture the radiance of your smile with our exceptional dental implant services at our Brisbane clinic. Here, you’ll discover the brilliance of state-of-the-art implant dentistry, where science and aesthetics blend seamlessly to create remarkable results.

At our clinic, patient-centric care is our utmost priority. We strive to provide you with exceptional quality and comfort throughout your dental implant journey. By leveraging cutting-edge dental technology, our experienced team ensures precise planning and execution of your procedure, leading to improved accuracy, reduced recovery time, and enhanced patient satisfaction. From the moment you step into our clinic to the final placement of your dental implants, we are dedicated to creating a warm and welcoming environment, ensuring your utmost relaxation and confidence.

 We take the time to explain the dental implant process, answer all your questions, and put any fears or concerns you may have to rest. Call us to book your appointment.

Note: Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding, you should seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.

References: 

What to know about dental implants

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/327515

Everything to Know About a Dental Implant Procedure

https://www.healthline.com/health/dental-and-oral-health/dental-implant-procedure